Time regulates human sorrow and happiness, life and death, this world and the other world and their progress and demotion. Human beings originate and disappear in time. Time has two forms – one is the infinite, eternal and Great Maha kaal. How big is it? It cannot be said. It existed even before the origin of the world, and will remain forever.

The other form of time is sadgunatmak (Full of positive traits) and suitable for behavior. Its base is the Sun. This time appears in a cycle under the Sun. Our earlier Scholars have decided this behavioral time to make the human life regular and well arranged. One cycle of the sun, moving in the Bha chakra has been named as a Year. Practically, the smallest unit of the time is called the Kshana, vipal or a second. Today the time is measured in hour, minute and second, but the Indian Astrologers had divided the time into Ahoratra, day, ghadi, pal, vipal, muhurta etc. Basic knowledge of the Indian units of the division of time is necessary for the students of Indian Astrology.

According to Indian system, the time taken in a blink of eye is called a Nimesh. 3 nimesh make up a kshana. 5 kshana make up a Kashtha, 15 kashtha make up a Laghu, 15 laghu make a Ghati or Ghadi, which has 24 minutes. For

convenience, two and a half ghati make up an hour and 60 ghati make up 24 hours.

For conversion of hour and minute into ghati-pal: 1 minute = 2.5 pal, 4 minute = 10 pal, 12 minute = 30 pal, 24 minute = 1 ghadi, that is 60 ghati.

Dinman – from sunrise to sunset, Ratriman- from sunset to next sunrise,

Ushakal – 5 ghati before sunrise, Pratah – from sunrise upto 3 ghati,

Evening – from sunset upto 3 ghati, Pradosh – from sunset upto 6 ghati,

Nisheeth – 2 ghati at the mid of midnight, 7 day-night =1 week, 15 ahoratra = 1 paksha

2 paksha = 1 chandra mas {lunar month}, 2 months = 1 season, 6 season = 1 year

3 seasons = 6 months = 1 ayan, 2 ayan = 1 year

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